Best Things for Modern Lifestyle

Best Things for Modern Lifestyle

Author: Darlene Simmmons

Outdoor Lifestyle

Why Do Farmers Put Manure On Their Fields?

Thanks for adopting new technologies and smarter planting practices, farmers can achieve far higher agricultural productivity than in the past. However, some traditional methods still have been used to improve crop yields such as adding manure to the soil. So, why do farmers put manure on their fields and how to apply it? What follows will be definitely worth your time.

Why do farmers put manure on their fields?

Farmers apply manure in their fields for many reasons. As manure is an excellent nutrient source, it is necessary for the fertility of the soil and the growth of plants.

In some places, the soil lacks essential nutrients for crops since the farmers grow one crop after the other in the same field. So, if the manuring is not applied on time, the result of weak plants is inevitable.

1. Various nutrients contains in manure

There is a wide range of nutrients containing in manure, such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and sulfur (S). Manure nutrients are from the feed that the animals have consumed. In fact, about 75% of the nitrogen and more than 65% of phosphorus found in feeds of a steer is excreted in the manure.

It is known that the majority of the nutrients that animals eat end up in their manure.

manure

The actual amount of nutrients in manure primarily depends on the kind and handling of manure. Of all animal manures, poultry manure contains the greatest amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur, whereas horse manure has a lower nutrient content.

If the manure is mixed in with bedding, it will have fewer nutrients per pound as compared to pure manure.

2.  Fresh manure breaks down faster than composted manure

In comparison with composted manure, fresh manure releases faster. The manure breaking time of poultry is more quickly than that of horses, cows, and other animals. Generally, the more nitrogen that manure contains the faster the nitrogen is released.

The organic matter in manure plays an important role in building soil health, making it more productive and easier to manage. In addition, the organic matter in manure is also valuable as it makes soil less likely to affect erosion, more likely to absorb water, and more resilient to extreme conditions. Although it costs a great deal of money, organic fertilizer has significant benefits that inorganic fertilizer does not provide.

3. Raw manure is an affordable and eco-friendly solution

When it comes to spending, raw manure provides a cheaper source of nutrients as against chemical fertilizers. If a livestock farmer who also grows plenty of crops, no extra cost involved at all. In a long run, using raw manure as a fertilizer can be an economically effective sharing between neighboring farms.

How to apply the manure?

1. Too large an amount of manure can be harmful to crops

Applying too much manure may result in reducing crop productivity. Furthermore, it can lead to nitrogen filtering into wells and aquifers. Accordingly, farmers should follow the ration in the table below for optimum growth and production.

Tons of manure/acre to supply N
Manure 50 lb N 100 lb N 150 lb N
Chicken litter 1.5 3 4.5
Laying hens 3 6 9
Rabbits 10 20 30
Beef 25 50 75
Horse (no sawdust bedding) 60 120 180
Separated dairy solids 100 200 300

2. Manure application should be completed close to planting time

In order to get the most value from manure nutrients, spreading cow manure on fields should be near the planting time. Applying manure in the adequate amount with the right method at this time can avoid excessive nutrient loss through leaching, washing away, or runoff of nutrients.

If you lose nutrients, the manure loses value itself. In the end, you may pose a threat to the nearby groundwater, like wells, streams, and ponds. It can be a serious problem for nutrient-rich manures like poultry litter.

3. Avoid using fresh manure on some kinds of crops

Fresh manure sometimes contains pathogens (such as bacteria, viruses, etc.) that can cause a multitude of diseases in animals and humans, like Salmonella and certain strains of E. coli. They are one of the most serious pathogens diseases found in animal manure.

Pathogens in fresh manure can be a risk to crops that grow in or close to the soil and that are consumed raw. It is advised that fresh manure should not be applied to some types of crops such as carrots, lettuce, and other greens, and strawberries.

Pathogens will naturally die over time. If you use manure on the mentioned plants, you need to put time on your side. You can do that by:

  • Aging or thoroughly composting the manure before using
  • Waiting at least four months from the manure applying time until harvesting

Conclusion

Manure is not only impacts positively on crop production but also minimizes the costs and protects the environment. Therefore, When you see a farmer sitting on the best tractor seat to spread manure on fields, make sure you understand how important it is. Having knowledge of manure is really important if you care about crop growth and soil structure.

Reference:

Stuff Reviews

How to buy 18650 batteries?

When buying 18650 batteries, you will have the option between button top and flat top batteries.

Protected batteries, as the name might suggest, have a small electronic circuit built into the battery packaging. This is on one end of the battery and is indistinguishable from other batteries.

This circuit protects the battery against hazards such as overcharging and discharging, short circuits and extreme temperatures. This is designed to protect the devices you use them on and to avoid damage by explosion or leakage.

Many protected batteries also have a valve that permanently disables the battery if the pressure is too high inside the battery.

This is usually what happens when the batteries swell, at a time when they are more susceptible to catching fire.

An unprotected battery lacks this circuit. They are therefore cheaper and are also susceptible to problems that such safeguards are designed to avoid.

good 18650 batteries

If you select an unprotected cell (and many of the best cells are not protected), you should take extra care when selecting and using your battery.

Pay particular attention to the discharge rating (CDR) to make sure you don’t drain excess power from a battery, or it might overheat.

You also need to keep your contacts private, ideally in a plastic case so that the battery won’t go missing in your pocket or bag. You also need to make sure you don’t leave the battery in the charger for too long.

When in doubt, buy a better quality battery even though it is a bit more expensive.

The button top vs flat top 18650 batteries

To really demonstrate how standardized the 3.7v 18650 rechargeable battery is, there are two small variations in size: flat top and button top.

This has to do with contacts, especially positive contacts. The button’s top battery will protrude slightly, while the flat top battery is completely flat.

These extra millimeters could be the difference between a suitable battery and a non-battery. If in doubt, check the batteries available with your device, refer to the instruction manual or contact the manufacturer.

For spring-loaded batteries, like flashlights, it doesn’t make a big difference.

How to avoid buying fake 18650 batteries

Like any branded product, be careful with fake 18650 batteries. It is very common for many suppliers to buy cheap batteries, rewrite them as trademarks, and market them as genuine items.

This is not only wasting your money but also potentially dangerous. If you buy a battery for a high-capacity device, believing it has a full safety CDR, you could injure yourself or damage your device when the battery has a completely different rating.

The battery scammers are good at what they do. A genuine and fake battery is difficult to distinguish. From bundles to branding, to online listings, they look like real deals. The only way you can say fake from genuine batteries is by weight.

Most brands have made the weight of their original batteries available somewhere. You should cross-reference any batteries you buy online with the manufacturer’s specifications. Even spelling mistakes do not indicate spoofing, as a genuine manufacturer had to point out through a Facebook update.

To test a particular cell, try an internet search for its name, followed by a Google data sheet. This will list the battery weight, capacity and maximum CDR.

Related post: https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-best-way-to-safely-prevent-a-18650-Battery-from-exploding

Home Improvements

What is the difference between wood stain and wood sealer?

Wood stain and wood sealer are two common products for wood protection. Are staining and sealing the same?

wood stain and wood sealer

Let’s read this article to find out what is the difference between wood stain and wood sealer and some useful tips when applying them on the wood surface.

Many people are misunderstanding that wood stain and wood sealer are the same types of products.

Well, it is not true.

Below are the four main dissimilar features between these two products.

1. Function

Wood stain is a specialized pain that is used to color the wood. This type of paint aims to bring out the appealing look of the wood board while still highlighting its natural characteristics like wood grain and texture.

On the other hand, wood sealer is a product that protects wood from natural impacts such as water and UV rays. It is also used to repel moisture, rotting, and even seal the wood pores.

Wood sealer acts like a layer of protection that helps to extend the life of the wood and prevents discoloration.

2. UV rays protection

Although the main function of wood stain is to maintain the beauty of the wood surface, it contains a higher level of UV rays protection than wood sealer.

Surprisingly, there is only a limited amount of sun protection. It is better if you stain before sealing to have better protection for the wood surface.

3. Durability

Not only having the higher sun rays protection but wood stain is also durable than wood sealer. A high-quality layer of wood stain can last up to three or five years while wood sealer needs to be resealed each year.

4. Price

With more outstanding features, it is no doubt that wood stain is more expensive than wood sealer.

Therefore, accompanied by the benefits that wood stain brings to consumers, its price is worth every penny!

Useful tips when using wood stain and wood sealer

Below are some useful tips and tricks that help you to have the best result with wood stain and wood sealer.

  1. It is always advisable to read the instruction of the product before using it.
  2. Besides the advantages mentioned above, wood stain and wood sealer also share the same disadvantage. These products contain some harmful chemicals so do not forget to cover your eyes and wear a facemask while applying it on the wood.
  3. Clean the wood with sandpaper to create a smooth surface and remove the dust before sealing and staining.
  4. The wood will look more natural when being stained and sealed.
  5. Make sure to apply wood stain and wood sealer all over the wood surface for better protection.
  6. If you would like to apply another layer, wait until the first one dries completely.
  7. Applying a layer of wood stain before sealing will improve the wood appearance by changing the color and hiding the imperfection.

On the opposite side, the surface of the wood will be fully protected if you cover a coating of wood sealer after staining as it helps to prevent the stain from bleeding.

In Conclusion

With this article, you have found out what is the difference between wood stain and wood sealer. Staining helps to improve the wood beauty while sealing maintains its durability.

However, these products have a thing in common, which is to protect the wood from external impacts, and it can not be denied that your wood will be fully protected if wood stain and wood sealer are applied together.

Stuff Reviews

Top 3 Best Microphone For Youtube Music Recording

Choosing the best microphone for Youtube recording can be quite a challenge.

In this article, we will be breaking down the top 3 best choices for you.

Related: The Best Youtube Microphone recording under $200

#1. Electro-Voice RE20 Broadcast Announcer Microphone with Variable-D

Best Microphone For Youtube

Electro-Voice has been a leading manufacturer of sound gear ever since its conception back in 1930.

How does this company have so much staying power? Because of the stability of their quality products, and the RE20 Broadcast Announcer Microphone is a great example.

What’s great about it?

The RE20 has been a standard in the industry for decades. After all, it was first introduced all the way back in 1968 and is still being used these days.

It is unarguably the most popular microphone among radio hosts.

This kind of success is mostly thanks to the tech called Variable-D that Electro-Voice developed exclusively.

With this tech, the mic is able to minimize the proximity effect on shifts on tone. Thus, it provides the user with a linear and smooth voice characteristic, which is very useful if you speak all day.

Also, the mic has a switch for bass roll-off, which is quite a useful feature. There is also the heavy-duty pop filter built internally, which is perfect for voice up close.

How to use it

The Electro-Voice RE20 is a classic wired XLR mic, meaning it is dynamic.

Thus, if you want to use it alongside a computer, a Digital-to-Analog (DAC) converter is a must.

With it, the mic’s analog signal will be converted to digital, then you can transport it through USB, Thunderbolt, Firewire, etc.

Who’s it for?

From the features, you can easily guess that the Electro-Voice RE20 microphone is really good for people who do podcasts.

After all, it offers a stable reproduction of sound, something you need if you’re going to speak continuously.

Pros:

  • Minimize proximity effect
  • Bass roll-off switch
  • Linear and smooth voice recording
  • Heavy-duty pop filter

Cons:

  • A needlessly complex suspension system
  • Needs DAC converter to work with computers

#2. Audio-Technica AT4040 Cardioid Condenser Microphone

audio-technica at4040

Audio-Technica, founded almost 60 years ago, is an audio gear company based in Japan.

With its high-quality gears, the company has been supplying equipment for many high-class occasions. One such example is, of course, the US Presidential Debates.

The Audio-Technica AT4040 is the newest addition to the brand.

What’s great about it?

First of all, the AT4040 has a large diaphragm, advancedly tensioned so that it can reproduce the most natural and smooth sound.

In addition, it has an externally polarized condenser (DC bias) design, which supports exceptionally low noises. Furthermore, it also has a high capability for SPL and a wide dynamic range.

All of those combined means that the mic is quite versatile.

But that’s not all, as the AT4040 has a transformerless circuit, it eliminates virtually all distortions of low frequency.

How to use it

It is quite a sensitive mic, so it is advisable that you prepare some form of soundproofing.

The Audio-Technica AT4040 is great with “close-mic” configurations. For example, if you are playing piano, it is best placed under the piano.

Who’s it for?

As it is quite a sensitive microphone, we believe that it is the best mic for Youtube recording of acoustic musical instruments.

After all, the large diaphragm alongside the polarized condenser design makes for some smooth sounds.

Pros:

  • Supports exceptionally low noises
  • Wide dynamic range
  • Eliminates low-frequency distortions

Cons:

  • Too sensitive
  • Needs some form of soundproofing

#3. AKG Pro Audio P220 Vocal Condenser Microphone, Black

AKG Pro Audio P220

Another product from AKG, the P220 is arguably the best mic for recording on Youtube if you are on a budget.

Here are the reasons:

What’s great about it?

Being the least expensive option on this list, the AKG P220 is still nothing to scoff at.

First of all, it has a large diaphragm as well as a cardioid pickup pattern, so there will be no need to worry about off-axis sounds.

Next, it is built tough and rugged, so you can take it just about everywhere.

In addition, the mic is really simple to operate, as it offers only two main settings: the bass roll-off and 20dB signal cutting.

How to use it

The AKG P220 is actually quite heavy. However, AKG does not include a stand so you will have to figure that part out on your own.

Also, you may also want to find a third party like a mixer if you want to connect it to computers.

Who’s it for?

Rugged, tough, versatile, easy to carry around, and inexpensive, we do not believe that there can be a better choice for a budget Youtuber.

The AKG P220 will certainly satisfy you until you can afford a more expensive option.

Pros:

  • Inexpensive
  • Versatile
  • Durable
  • Simple settings

Cons:

  • Heavy
  • Excessive pickup of background noises

Which Microphone Should You Buy? USB vs XLR Microphone?

The vital difference between these microphones is just the connections. XLR mics usually have 3 prongs inside the connector so there is no way that it can connect directly to your computer.

Thus, there is a need for a third party like a mixer. However, they almost always provide better capabilities as well as adjustabilities.

On the other hand, USB mics will connect to the computer directly so there is no need for third parties like mixers.

Thus, they are much easier to operate. Besides, they are also quite inexpensive with no additional costs for a third party.

So, our answer is depending on your situation. New Youtubers can certainly profit from the easy nature of USB mics while experienced ones can make use of XLR much better.

Dynamic vs Condenser Microphone – What the difference?

Dynamic mics are often much better at capturing strong, loud sounds in live settings. Conversely, condenser mics are better at capturing higher frequencies and more delicate sounds in studio settings.

What do you need for a condenser mic?

All condenser mics have two capacitors drawing power from external sources. Thus, you must supply the “phantom power” through connecting the mic to a mixer with an XLR cable.

When would you use a condenser microphone?

Condenser mics are really good at capturing delicate sounds in studio settings. Thus, if you want to produce a breathy vocal sound, a condenser mic is a much better choice than a dynamic mic.

See more:

https://www.audio-technica.com/en-us/at4040

https://www.akg.com/Condenser%20Microphones

Conclusion

All in all, we hope that with this review, you will be able to make an informed decision when you shop for a new microphone.

Our last advice is that you should always keep in mind that there is no single best microphone for Youtube recording. There are only mics that fit your situation